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Digital-based secondary systems (DSS) that are evolving to provide new and better ways to protect and control the primary system, leverage the digital capabilities and resilience of IEDs within the secondary system of the energy control system (ECS). First principles of the process level primary equipment, in combination with the utility purpose and focus, support to an organized effort directed at analyzing features, systems, equipment, and material selections for the purpose of achieving essential functions at the lowest life cycle cost consistent with required performance, quality, reliability, and safety. Although best-known methods frequently change as new innovations become available, the underlying first principles of both the power system primary and secondary systems do not change. This session introduces the workflow to harmonize the digitization of P&C with other parts of the business to make best use of added capabilities, information, and detail.